Structure and Materials

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Geotechnics and Transportation

The laboratories under the Department of Geotechnics and Transportation are Soil Mechanics Laboratory, Advanced Geotechnics Laboratory, Geology and Rock Mechanics Laboratory, Model and Instrumentation Laboratory, Highway Laboratory and Transportation Laboratory.

Some of the facilities available at the laboratories are :

  1. Automated Triaxial Test Equipment including Hydraulics Stress-Path Cell
  2. Automated Rowe’s Hydraulic and Oedometer Consolidation Cells.
  3. Large Strain Consolidation Cells specially-designed for very compressible soils such as ex-mining slurry and peat.
  4. Auto Compaction Equipment
  5. Auto Direct Shear Test Equipment
  6. Pressuremeter
  7. Pinhole Erosion Meter
  8. Constanct Rate of Strain Consolidation Equipment
  9. GDS
  10. Commercial software packages for geotechnical engineering and traffic analysis
  11. HISTAR-Automatic Traffic Counter
  12. TRANSCAD GIS – Transportation Computer Aided Design
  13. Various equipment for laboratory and field material assessment such as California Bearing Ratio (CBR), Polished Stone Value (PSV), Aggregate Crushing Value (ACV), Flakiness, Los Angeles/Dory Abrasion, coring machine, bitumen extractor, Marshall stability and wheel tracking equipment.
Transportation Laboratory

Head of Transportation Laboratory : Dr Sitti Asmah Hassan (07-5531622)
Head of Laboratory Staff : Mr. Azri Samsudin (07-5531675)

  1.  Agg. Impact Value
  2. Flakiness Test
  3. Los angeles abrasion
  4. Skid Resistance
  5. Marshall Test
  6. CBR Machine
  7. PSV Machine
  8. Sound Level Meter
  9. Traffic Radar
  10. Compression Testing
  11. Vacuum Pkynometer
  12. Troxler
  13. Wet whell tracking
  14. Rolling Thin Film
  15. Pressure agin vessel
  16. Vacuum sealing App
  17. Dynamic cone Penetrometer
  18. Walking Profler
  19. Centrifugu Extractor
  20. Asphalt Testing
  21. Highway Geometric Design Sofware
  22. Shear Lab. Mixer
  23. Metro Count
  24. Softening Point Test
  25. Bitumen Penetration
  26. Claveland Flash& Burning Point
  27. Ring & Ball App
  28. Particle Charge Test
  29. Dynamic Shear Rheometer
  30. Vialit Adhesion Test
Geotechnical Laboratories

Head of Geotechnic Laboratory : Dr Nor Zurairrahetty Mohd Yunus (07-5532446)
Head of Laboratory Staff : Mrs. Rosmawati Ahmad (07-5531752)

The Geotechnical Laboratories of Department of Geotechnical & Transportation (JGP) has two major laboratories :

Soil mechanics laboratory – for testing ‘soft’ earth particulate materials, mainly soils and granular materials
Rock mechanics laboratory – for testing rocks together with materials used in the support of rock excavations

The two laboratories are the key elements in geotechnical area, since geotechnical engineering is a discipline highly dependent upon experimental investigations. Equipped with a series of modern experimental facilities, the laboratories are responsible for supporting research activities, providing training for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, and as a base for undertaking commercial testing and consultancy for industry.

(A) Soil mechanics laboratory

VJ Tech Simple Shear System
The VJ Tech Simple Shear Testing System is used to carry out a simple shear test to determine the shear modulus of a soil sample. The sample is contained within confining rings under constant volume conditions and is sheared until it is stressed to failure. The apparatus is microprocessor controlled, has inbuilt data logging and is supplied complete with a lever loading device, hanger and sample unit (with mould and confining rings), all mounted on a floor standing frame. Horizontal and vertical loads (up to 5kN) are measured with S-beam load cells with horizontal and vertical movement measured with linear displacement LSCT transducers. The controlling Clisp Studio software conforms to ASTM D6528-07.

GDS Unsaturated stress path triaxial testing system
GDS Unsaturated Triaxial Testing System (UNSAT) is an extension to traditional triaxial testing, in that soils from above the water table may be tested under conditions approaching the in-situ stress state and degree of saturation or partial saturation.

All GDS triaxial testing systems (as well as triaxial equipment from other manufacturers*) can be modified to allow for Unsaturated Triaxial Testing. GDS provide 4 methods to perform unsaturated testing.

  • Method A:  direct volume measurement using am air pressure/volume controller
  • Method B: HKUST inner cell
  • Method C: double walled cell
  • Method D: on-sample strain transducers

However, our lab used method A for research purposes.

VJ Tech Automatic Consolidation System
VJ Tech take pride in simplifying procedures for all modern day laboratories, saving our clients time and money. The design and manufacture of our Automatic Oedometer Consolidation Testing system achieves this once again. The Automatic CONsolidation System (ACONS) is simple and easy to use, specifically designed to carry out the Oedometer Consolidation test. The Clisp Studio csODO software allows completely automated testing, permitting the lab technician to perform other duties whilst the test is in progress. The software conforms to BS1377-5, ASTM D4235-04, AS1289.6.6.1 & XP PG4-090-1
VJ Tech Constant Rate strain
The VJ Tech Constant Rate of Strain Testing System utilises an Advanced TriSCAN Load Frame to apply vertical load to the sample contained in a CRS cell for CRS testing. The inbuilt data logging facilities of the Advanced TriSCAN are used to record the displacement and Pore Water Pressure. Back Pressure is provided by an Automatic Pressure Controller. The Clisp Studio csCRS software enables easy test setup and control with live tabular and graphical display of measured and calculated parameters and easy data export to standard packages. It conforms to ASTM D4186-06. Select the ‘Related Products’ tab for details of this System setup.
GDS Advanced stress path triaxial testing system
A PC-Controlled Advanced stress path triaxial testing system suitable for testing both sands and clays at two specimen sizes: 50 and 38 mm.

The system uses the proven GDSLAB software and the classic Bishop & Wesley – type 7kN/1700 kPa/38 mm/50 mm Stress Path triaxial cell with an internal submersible load cell.  Based on the GDS advanced pressure controller, having three pressure controllers linked to a computer to the test cell as follows:

  • One for axial stress and axial displacement control
  • One for cell pressure control
  • One for setting back pressure and measuring volume change

GDS cyclic triaxial testing system
The GDS cyclic triaxial testing system is hydraulically actuated with a large diameter triaxial cell suitable for testing samples with large particle sizes such as railway ballast.  The system is capable of both monotonic (static) and dynamic triaxial tests as well as other advanced triaxial tests.

  • 100kN Load range
  • 0 to 10Hz Load frequency
  • 200mm height 100mm diameter Sample size
  • Volume change measurement

GDS Unsaturated stress path triaxial system.

(B) Rock mechanics laboratory

The laboratory has a long experience of rock sample testing, to ISRM standards, to measure all the principle strength parameters of rocks encountered in mining, tunneling, and quarrying. Samples are prepared as cubes, cylinders or to special geometries within the laboratory’s well equipped workshops, which includes a range of specialized coring rigs, diamond saws, and precision grinders. It has a wide range of compressive and tensile test machines from 20 tonne up to 500 tonne capacity, including:

RDP Howden 100 Tonne Servo-controlled stiff press

  • Large working area 1m2 with adjustable height up to 1.5 m
  • Servo-controlled triaxial cell with volumetric measurement
  • Multistage triaxial testing software
  • Permeability testing under triaxial stress conditions
  • Wide range of additional instrumentation
  • High speed computer logging

Avery 500 tonne compression test machine

  • Large working area 1m3

20 Tonne denison universal testing machines

  • Tensile gripping jaws

Creep test facility

  • Sample lengths up to 600 mm
  • Sample diameters up to 100 mm
  • Constant load up to 50 tonnes
  • Test periods in excess of 20 days

Capability to perform full suite of ‘index’ tests on rock sample

  • Cerchar
  • Point Load testing
  • NCB Cone indentor
  • Shore Scleroscope
  • Fracture toughness

A large radial core rig

  • Capability to handle 4 tonne blocks
  • extremely comprehensive instrumentation package capable of monitoring, logging, and controlling 16 influencing parameters.
  • Bit wear evaluation

Creep test facility

  • Sample Lengths up to 600 mm
  • Sample Diameters up to 100 mm
  • Constant load up to 50 tonnes
  • Test periods in excess of 20 days


Capability to perform full suite of ‘index’ tests on rock sample

  • Cerchar
  • Point Load testing
  • NCB Cone indentor
  • Shore Scleroscope
  • Fracture toughness

Rock sample preparation equipment

  • 150mm Rock shear box with servo-controlled normal force
  • TS 350FD Diamond Saw
  • Large Masonary Saw
  • Small Diamond Blade Saw
  • Jones & Shipman 540 Surface Grinder for Rock Preparation
  • Constant Head Permeability Lab Equipment
  • Falling Head Permeability Lab Equipment

In addition, the following facilities are also available for teaching and research:

  • Standard teaching triaxial apparatus
  • Rowe-type consolidometers
  • General data acquisition system
  • Casagrande cup and fall cones
  • Hydrometers
  • Sieving device
  • Permeability cells
  • Oedometers
  • Direct shear boxes
Water and Environmental Engineering

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