Role of SWCC in Practice

Blight Lecture, – ISMCGE 2017 
Delwyn G. Fredlund, Senior Geotechnical Engineering Specialist, Golder Associates

Introduction

In Seoul 2017, Prof Fredlund one of top Unsaturated Researcher had delivered a talk in Soil Water Retention Curve in practice. The talk was delivered in Blight Lecture  in ISSMGE conference. Basically, Soil Water retention curve is the relationship between the water content, θ, and the soil water potential, ψ. This curve is characteristic for different types of soil, and is also called the soil moisture characteristic.

It is used to predict the soil water storage, water supply to the plants (field capacity) and soil aggregate stability. Due to the hysteretic effect of water filling and draining the pores, different wetting and drying curves may be distinguished.

The general features of a water retention curve can be seen in the figure, in which the volume water content, θ, is plotted against the matric potential, {\displaystyle \Psi _{m}}\Psi_m. At potentials close to zero, a soil is close to saturation, and water is held in the soil primarily by capillary forces. As θ decreases, binding of the water becomes stronger, and at small potentials (more negative, approaching wilting point) water is strongly bound in the smallest of pores, at contact points between grains and as films bound by adsorptive forces around particles.

Sandy soils will involve mainly capillary binding, and will therefore release most of the water at higher potentials, while clayey soils, with adhesive and osmotic binding, will release water at lower (more negative) potentials. At any given potential, peaty soils will usually display much higher moisture contents than clayey soils, which would be expected to hold more water than sandy soils. The water holding capacity of any soil is due to the porosity and the nature of the bonding in the soil.

 

 Please watch and read the full information below especially for Geotechnical Engineering Post Graduate Students.

Click Here_>>>>>Full paper Hons. Blight Lecture

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